In the coming years, you will see that IoT aka Internet of Things will take over many of the technologies in the future and also transform every industry. Smart cities, automated vehicles, and healthcare are some of the intelligent applications. These applications include smart technological objects which are equipped by Radio Frequency sensors. The IoT relies on Wifi, LTE and other cloud computing middleware services.
Thus an advanced version of IoT can be seen as a technological shift from the traditional radio sensor networks to wireless intelligent automation. The IoT supports features like scalability, mobility and advanced security for the users. There are two approaches by which IoT middleware can be achieved i.e. design the IoT system as an ecosystem of services and an ecosystem of agents.
The agent approach gives the ability to provide content awareness and intelligent elements. To gain the maximum benefit out of the IoT, many government agencies have already started to work on it to produce growth and increase productivity. As more companies have started to adopt IoT, the challenges in deploying and building the project are getting tougher. When the IoT applications are implemented then users face several challenges like data privacy and failing to accept it as a global standard. The enterprises also need to explore more ways to store, analyze large volumes of data to cover the challenges associated with the integration of IoT with the existing technology such as 5G.
Challenges faced in the Integration of IoT Applications
1) Current Devices lack fundamental Security Safeguards
IoT application is still in the developing stage so it also lacks security features that make the IoT solutions vulnerable to security attacks. But there has been no report of a major security breach in IoT applications. Though enterprises must build custom IoT solutions to implement it with the latest security features to prevent any kind of security breaches.
2) Cybercriminals have an eye on IoT
Some cybercriminals have already started building malicious malware that targets the users as well as enterprise. A security firm Symantec has reported that a new malicious worm was detected on the Linux systems which are a part of the Internet of Things.
The increasing popularity of IoT middleware will attract more cybercriminals to engineer malware that target IoT devices. So the developers and the firms must explore new ways and eliminate the loopholes to prevent such attacks.
3) Enterprises must develop ways to keep IoT systems secure
The tools and embedded software used in the application of IoT must be made secure and ensure that data stored in various devices and data centers are not vulnerable to security attacks. So enterprises must deploy an authentic and authorized system in IoT application with the latest protocols, firewalls to keep their network secure.
4) Huge variation in the quality of IoT devices
Several companies use low-quality middleware applications to deliver fast and inexpensive service to their customers. Also, the individual quality of the devices used by the customers also differs like some of the users use a high-quality processor and sensor while others use low quality and inexpensive devices.
The cybercriminals can target low-quality devices like refrigerators and other commonly used devices that are connected to the internet. Hence both the users as well as enterprises must ensure that high-quality devices and protocols must be used by them to prevent such kind of attacks by cybercriminals.
Solutions to overcome IoT Challenges
1) Cloud-Based Solution: If you want to achieve success in your IoT project then you need to watch each and every step of integrating IoT with the enterprise data and business. As you scale up the business then IoT integration is going to be more complex. To overcome the scaling challenge you can use the cloud-based service and projects can be managed using the Integration Platform as a Service (iPaaS).
2) Target the communication need of the IoT project
To make things work in order you need to take care of the core processes of the system. There are various things that are needed to make the communication of devices work with each other.
- The number of devices and the devices connected should be in proper order.
- The range of communication of devices should be there.
- Tolerance and device aggregation of connected devices should be synchronized.
3) Use API Management Tools
API Management varies with IoT platforms and other middleware applications. You should try to minimize the use of third-party API management tools as little as possible to ensure that all the protocols and security features and scaling as AIPs proliferate. When the projects involve too many users then the public network could be vulnerably exposed to attacks as several users are on public networks. To prevent this the enterprises must address the integration requirements for IoT projects.
Every technology at first has to face some challenges and as the developers work on it, the problems can be removed. This is also similar to the blockchain as this blockchain technology is also in its nascent stage and much of the work is to be done in both the fields.